Audubon Connecticut
613 Riversville Road
Greenwich CT 06831
Contact Information
Address 613 Riversville Road
Greenwich, CT 06831-
Telephone (203) 869-5272 x225
Fax 203-869-4437
Web and Social Media
Audubon's mission is to conserve and restore natural ecosystems, focusing on birds, other wildlife, and their habitats for the benefit of humanity and the earth's biological diversity.
At A Glance
Year of Incorporation 1905
Organization's type of tax exempt status Public Supported Charity
Organization received a competitive grant from the community foundation in the past five years Yes
CEO/Executive Director Mr. Stewart Hudson
Board Chair Ms. Connan Ashforth
Board Chair Company Affiliation Audubon CT Board Chair
Financial Summary
Revenue vs Expenses Bar Graph - All Years
Mission Audubon's mission is to conserve and restore natural ecosystems, focusing on birds, other wildlife, and their habitats for the benefit of humanity and the earth's biological diversity.

Audubon Connecticut—an operating unit of the National Audubon Society—is one of Connecticut's premier conservation and environmental education organizations. Our top-notch staff of seasoned professionals works hard to carry out the Audubon mission within the state—protecting birds, other wildlife and their habitats through education, research, advocacy and land protection.

National Audubon has had a presence in Connecticut dating back to 1941 with the establishment of the Audubon Center in Greenwich as the first National Audubon Society Nature Education Center in the country. Over the years, the National Audubon presence in Connecticut has grown to include 3 Audubon Centers, 4 major sanctuaries and a number of smaller sanctuaries, protecting 4,500 acres.

Through our network of Education Centers and Nature Sanctuaries, Audubon:

  • Protects 4,500 acres of land
  • Provides hands-on education programs designed to connect people with nature
  • Strives to reach one in four school children with top quality nature education opportunities
  • Recently opened a new world-class nature education center in Greenwich and is enhancing education programs at our Sharon and Southbury Centers

At the state Capitol, Audubon advocates for:

  • Funding for state wildlife management programs and open space land preservation
  • Defending the state's environmental laws
  • Protecting families and the state's environment from harmful impacts of pesticides
  • Curbing light pollution and halting the spread of invasive exotic species

Through our Important Bird Area's Program, Audubon:

  • Identified a network of more than 30 key areas for birds statewide
  • Works with landowners; government agencies; and other conservation organizations to restore and protect important bird habitats
  • Links Connecticut's Important Bird Areas with a national and global network of sites crucial to the long-term survival of bird species

Through our Conservation Program, Audubon works with community groups across the state on local conservation issues.

Accomplishments: (1)  Our efforts to protect nesting shorebirds as part of the Audubon Alliance for Coastal Waterbirds was tremendously successful in 2012, with more than 80 volunteers who put in 1,872 hours monitoring and conserving piping plovers, least terns, and other coastal birds. This increased stewardship was a key factor in a 36% increase in the productivity of state-threatened least terns statewide, with a particularly successful crop at West Haven's Sandy Point  (2) Audubon successfully advocated for a commitment of $94 million in state bond funding for Clean Water Fund projects, a record level of funding for this essential program.  (3) Audubon CT was the recipient of the Teaming with Wildlife Member Achievement Award and the Coastal America Award for our conservation teamwork at Long Beach West in Stratford. (4) Bird-friendly management recommendations provided to private forest landowners on 2,020 acres of priority forest, and owners of 10,000 acres of forest participated in our forest stewardship workshops. (5) Audubon’s crowning land acquisition this year was the 162-acre Andrew Pasquariello Audubon Sanctuary in West Hartland, CT. 
Development of this property would have struck a blow in the heart of the Barkhamsted forest, one of the largest unfragmented forested landscapes in Connecticut.


 Goals:  Our top 5 goals for the current year are: (1) Putting Working Lands to Work - Eastern Forests: Work with landowners within priority forest blocks in CT and NY to improve habitat for birds on 10,000 acres. (2) Long Island Sound: Chair the Friends of the Silvio O. Conte NFWR with goal of 1,000 acres protected and $5M in additional LWCF funding for Refuge. Chair Long Island Sound (LIS) Citizen Advisory Committee Policy Committee with goal of securing funding for LIS clean water, habitat conservation and species stewardship goals. (3) Sharing the Shore: Recruit, train and coordinate 100 volunteer beach-nesting bird stewards to monitor all target species at all nesting areas along the CT coastline; Reach 1000 coastal residents about sharing the shores with target species. (4) Creating Bird-Friendly Communities: Promote personal actions that benefit bird populations, human health and watershed health. Provide recommendations to landowners of 200 acres; provide 8,000 people with information on personal conservation actions; expand the Schoolyard Habitat program to 16 schools statewide; Improve habitat at 6 urban parks; provide training to 30 land managers and park rangers; identify priority areas for migratory stop-over sites in greater New Haven; Engage 500 volunteers in conservation action. (5) Saving Important Bird Areas: Produce distribution maps for target bird species in greater New Haven, and complete IBA identification in Greater New Haven and along the CT Coastline.

The central challenge that Audubon Connecticut faces is how to adequately address a growing need within the limits of our budget, staff, and facilities. Audubon Connecticut is a healthy and thriving statewide organization with three Centers, numerous sanctuaries, and multiple programs. But as threats to the natural world mount (climate change, air and water pollution, declining species, etc.) the need for environmental awareness and protection becomes ever more evident. There is an increasing need to educate more children and adults and focus more efforts on preserving and conserving both undeveloped land and developed places. Since the economic downturn, this challenge to maintain and expand programs has become even more pronounced. However, we are determined to develop new strategies to raise the funds to support our work. Our most pressing needs are: (1) capital improvements and expansions to our centers ($500,000); (2) general operating funds to compensate for reduced endowment income ($200,000); (3) additional staff to help with growing research and land stewardship programs ($200,000); (4) funds to contribute to multi-organizational initiatives to acquire critical lands; (5) improved PR and marketing, including improved utilization of social networking tools. 

CEO Statement
Audubon is unique among Connecticut's environmental organizations because it brings the power and effectiveness of Audubon’s statewide and national conservation, advocacy and education initiatives, combined with the local outreach capacity of our three nature education centers and nine chapters. We apply a comprehensive and solution-oriented approach to conservation that uses sound science, targeted outreach, effective advocacy, management of sanctuaries and on-the-ground restorations, all performed in coordination with Audubon programs all along the Atlantic migratory flyway. 
Our vision is a Connecticut that has a rich and diverse natural heritage, where there is ample habitat for birds and other wildlife, where a majority of its people appreciate and participate in their natural environment, and whose children are educated and motivated to become the conservation leaders of tomorrow. 
Lingering weakness in the Connecticut economy presented many extraordinary challenges this past year, yet Audubon Connecticut made significant progress in conserving and restoring the natural resources we cherish. Through our science, policy and education activities, Audubon continues to elevate conservation literacy and engage more people than ever in positive actions to protect and preserve the environment. Audubon science and public policy led the protection of key coastal habitats that support important populations of threatened birds and other wildlife. Our Centers in Greenwich, Sharon and Southbury served tens of thousands of children and adults and provided essential lessons in environmental education. And more than ever, a realization is growing that investment in a healthy environment is an investment in a healthy economy, creating safe jobs and a sustainable future for the citizens of Connecticut and the nation.
Our chapters, members, stewardship boards, staff and donors together all helped to achieve tremendous results despite uncertain times. With your support, we can do even more in the year to come – for birds, for wildlife, and for the world we share.
Service Categories
Primary Organization Category Environment / Natural Resources Conservation & Protection
Secondary Organization Category Environment / Environmental Education
Tertiary Organization Category Environment / Alliances & Advocacy
Areas Served
East Haven
Lower Naugatuck Valley
New Haven
North Branford
North Haven
State wide
West Haven
We have Audubon Centers in Greenwich, Soutbury and Sharon, CT and recognized Important Bird Areas throughout the state.  We have research projects throughout the CT coast, from Greenwich to Stonington and extending into RI, as well as in Fairfield, New Haven, Hartford, and Litchfield counties. In addition, we have chosen to focus on New Haven as a pilot city for our Bird Friendly Communities initiative (as a result of our work, New Haven has been named both an Urban Refuge Partnership Project and an Urban Bird Treaty City).  Our advocacy work is statewide, and we work in concert with our advocacy team in Washington, D.C. We also have nine chapters across the state.
CEO/Executive Director/Board Comments

The Community Foundation for Greater New Haven provided generous support for Audubon Connecticut’s Important Bird Area program in New Haven through a three-year grant in the amount of $75,000 awarded on October 15, 2009. Audubon’s Important Bird Area (IBA) program is part of a global effort to identify, enhance and protect land tracts that provide critical nesting, wintering or stop-over habitat for birds of conservation concern. In the Greater New Haven area, Audubon’s Important Bird Area program is focusing conservation efforts and public funding toward critical wetland, coastal and forested habitat that benefit birds, other wildlife, the health of the Long Island Sound, and the people that enjoy and depend upon these critical resources.

Population Served / /
Audubon’s forest conservation efforts along the Atlantic Flyway seek to improve breeding, migration stopover, and wintering habitat in order to stabilize population declines of forest birds of conservation concern breeding in the eastern United States. Audubon’s Forest Stewardship Program engages private forest landowners in implementing best managements practices for priority birds on their lands. Through this program, Audubon biologists conduct a site visit for each landowner and then provide them with a habitat assessment and recommendations to manage and restore habitat for priority species. Forest bird data  

data has been collected in 20,000 acres of priority forest to inform forest management practices and 2,020 acres have been surveyed for forest landowners through our habitat assessment program. Audubon Sharon has identified and is working on 25,000 acres of the most important parcels within this block and has thus far conducted training programs for 255 private forest landowners and foresters who are collectively responsible for 10,000 acres. A forest management plan has been developed for Audubon Sharon’s 2,700 acres.

Population Served / /

Audubon has launched the Coastal Stewardship Program to protect beach and island nesting birds all along the Connecticut coastline. Working with Connecticut Audubon Society, CT DEEP and USFWS, as well as Audubon programs all along the Atlantic Migratory Flyway, we are building a core of citizen science volunteers to participate in coastal bird monitoring, stewardship and outreach. Increased stewardship and outreach will help reduce disturbance at critical nesting and migratory stopover sites for threatened coastal bird species such as Least Terns, Piping Plovers, American Oystercatchers, Red Knots, Sanderling and Semipalmated Sandpipers. By assembling and training a volunteer corps of citizen scientists, we will provide desperately needed stewardship and monitoring support, while building a constituency to support the conservation of these bird populations.

Population Served / /

Through our Bird Friendly Communities initiative, we are engaging diverse audiences in conservation action in order to create healthy communities for both people and wildlife. Through programs like Audubon At Home, Schoolyard Habitat, Urban Oases and other initiatives, we are providing people with the information, tools and resources to make eco-friendly choices in their homes, yards, schools, work, places of worship, and parks. We are working with all sectors within a community to educate people about the value of urban green spaces for watershed health and native wildlife, and how to reduce pesticide use, create wildlife-friendly habitat, and share our parks and beaches responsibly with Species of Concern. At the same time, we are protecting and enhancing greenspaces for wildlife that also provide safe havens for people to spend time together while enjoying nature.

Population Served / /

Audubon CT’s public policy program advocates at the federal, state, and local level to protect birds, other wildlife and their habitats. We are a recognized leader on land conservation, clean water funding, Long Island Sound, and wildlife issues.  During these tough economic times, we are working to defend and improve environmental protections and ensure adequate funding for our key state and federal agency partners. Our priority issues include protection and restoration of LIS, funding for clean water, habitat conservation and stewardship, wildlife diversity, and strengthening and defending key environmental laws. We also work on legislation to reduce use of pesticides and fertilizers, minimize light pollution, and combat invasive plant species.


Current land conservation efforts include Long Beach West/Pleasure Beach in Stratford and Bridgeport, Plum Island in New York, and additions to federal wildlife refuges, state parks and wildlife management areas in the Northwest Hills and CT River watershed.

Population Served / /
Program Comments
CEO Comments
CEO/Executive Director
Mr. Stewart Hudson
Term Start Sept 2013

Hudson began his career as a senior legislative aide to U.S. Senator Lowell Weicker, drafting legislation, working on the Senate floor and covering a range of issues with a focus on federal budget and tax policy. His leadership and professional expertise extends into environment and energy policy, trade and investment issues as well as non-profit governance and management. In 2008 and again in 2012, he served on the Environment and Energy Policy Committee of the Obama Presidential Campaign. Prior to this, Hudson served in a variety of senior positions at the National Wildlife Federation including as senior legislative representative in the International Programs and as vice president for Educational Outreach.

Currently, Hudson serves on the Keystone Energy Board and the Coalition for Green Capital. He is also on the advisory board of the Yale Center for Business and the Environment, Environment Northeast and is a member of Friends of the Connecticut Mirror. Previously, he was founding chair of the energy marketing group SmartPower and executive director of the Jane Goodall Institute-USA.

Prior to working at Audubon, Hudson worked at the Emily Hall Tremaine Foundation where he served as president for the past twelve years. During this time, he directed the foundation's grant making in clean energy and climate protection, learning disabilities and contemporary visual art which together constituted a portfolio of over $45 million in grants. He also played a central role in the management of the foundation's $85 million endowment.
Number of Full Time Staff 23
Number of Part Time Staff 0
Number of Volunteers 1355
Number of Contract Staff 2
Staff Retention Rate 87%
Staff Demographics - Ethnicity
African American/Black 0
Asian American/Pacific Islander 0
Caucasian 23
Hispanic/Latino 0
Native American/American Indian 0
Other 0 0
Staff Demographics - Gender
Male 11
Female 12
Unspecified 0
Senior Staff
Title Director of Bird Conservation
Title Deputy Director of Develoment/Conservation Biologsit
Title Audubon Center at Bent of the River Center Director
Title Center Director, Audubon Sharon
Title Director of Development
Title Bird-Friendly Communities Manager
Title Policy Manager
Title Operations Manager
Formal Evaluations
CEO Formal Evaluation Yes
CEO/Executive Formal Evaluation Frequency Annually
Senior Management Formal Evaluation Yes
Senior Management Formal Evaluation Frequency Annually
Non Management Formal Evaluation Yes
Non Management Formal Evaluation Frequency Annually

Nature Conservancy, Trust for Public Land, CT Ornithological Assoc., Friends of the Silvio O. Conte Wildlife Refuge, Nat'l Wildlife Refuge Assoc., Common Ground, URI, New Haven Bird Club, Yale University, City of New Haven, CT DEEP, USFWS, Hartford Audubon Society, CT Forest & Park Assoc., CT Ag. Experiment Station, CT Fund for the Environment, Soundwaters, AMC, Sierra Club, Rivers Alliance, CT River Watershed Assoc., Farmington River Watershed Council, Highlands Coalition, Highstead, UCONN, Trinity College, Audubon chapters, Connecticut Audubon Society, CT College, Quinnipiac River Watershed Assoc., NOFA, Housatonic Valley Assoc., US EPA, CT League of Conservation Voters, CT Land Conservation Council, Land Trust Alliance, Citizens Campaign for the Environment, Environment CT, Environment and Human Health Inc., Watershed Alliance, Clean Water Action, Working Lands Alliance, CT Trust for Historic Preservation, Housatonic Valley Assoc., Pomperaug River Watershed Association, CT Conference of Municipalities, Nat'l Resource Conservation Service, CT Assoc. of Conservation & Inland Wetlands Commissions, Regional Plan Assoc., Nat'l Fish & Wildlife Foundation, local Conservation Commissions, CT Outdoor & Environmental Educators Assoc., Friends of CT State Parks, Trout/Ducks Unlimited

Coalition Member Achievement AwardTeaming with Wildlife2012
Partnership Award; For conservation teamwork at Long Beach West in Stratford, CTCoastal America2012
CEO Comments
Board Chair
Ms. Connan Ashforth
Company Affiliation Audubon CT Board Chair
Term July 2016 to June 2019
Board of Directors
Dr. David Bingham M.D.Retired
Mrs. Eunice Burnett Community Volunteer
Mr. Michael Chambers Director of the Greenwich Inland Wetlands and Watercourses Agency for the Town of Greenwich
Mrs. Carole Clarkson Community Volunteer
Ms. Andrea de Cholnoky Senior client partner at Korn/Ferry International staffing and recruiting
Ms. Anne Decker
Mr. Gerald Freedman Consulting lawyer for Morgan, Lewis & Bockius and Community Volunteer
Ms. Lile Gibbons
Ms. Melissa Gibbons
Mr. Morgan Gregory
Ms. Darcy Hadjipateras
Ms. Marie Kennedy
Mr. Alex Kragie
Mr. Frank J. Loverro Managing Director at Kelso & Company
Mrs. Jeanne Mininall Community Volunteer
Ms. Jane-Kerin Moffat Regional Director for National Audubon Society's Northeast Region
Mrs. Emily A. B. Nissley Community Volunteer
Mrs. Katie O'Brien
Dr. Benjamin Oko
Ms. Caroline Paradiso
Ms. Alexandra Peters
Mr. Dennis Riordan retired teacher & Community Volunteer
Ms. Suni Unger
Board Demographics - Ethnicity
African American/Black 1
Asian American/Pacific Islander 0
Caucasian 23
Hispanic/Latino 0
Native American/American Indian 0
Other 0 0
Board Demographics - Gender
Male 7
Female 17
Unspecified 0
Fiscal Year Start July 01 2016
Fiscal Year End June 30 2017
Projected Revenue $3,546,156.00
Projected Expenses $3,512,222.00
Spending Policy Income Only
Credit Line Yes
Reserve Fund No
Detailed Financials
Prior Three Years Total Revenue and Expense Totals ChartHelpFinancial data for prior years is entered by foundation staff based on the documents submitted by nonprofit organizations.Foundation staff members enter this information to assure consistency in the presentation of financial data across all organizations.
Fiscal Year201520142013
Total Revenue$115,240,284$99,121,414$88,949,736
Total Expenses$93,397,486$88,963,992$88,201,931
Prior Three Years Assets and Liabilities Chart
Fiscal Year201520142013
Total Assets$471,019,435$468,897,446$450,334,791
Current Assets$67,883,913$89,434,973$56,777,940
Long-Term Liabilities$20,683,039$20,020,035$29,990,116
Current Liabilities$15,546,370$14,581,714$16,429,291
Total Net Assets$434,790,026$434,295,697$403,915,384
Prior Three Years Top Three Funding Sources
Fiscal Year201520142013
Top Funding Source & Dollar Amount -- -- --
Second Highest Funding Source & Dollar Amount -- -- --
Third Highest Funding Source & Dollar Amount -- -- --
Capitial Campaign
Currently in a Capital Campaign? No
Capital Campaign Anticipated in Next 5 Years? No
CEO Comments
Foundation Staff Comments This profile, including the financial summaries prepared and submitted by the organization based on its own independent and/or internal audit processes and regulatory submissions, has been read by the Foundation. Some financial information from the organization’s IRS Form 990, audited financial statements or other financial documents approved has been inputted by Foundation staff. The Foundation has not audited the organization’s financial statements or tax filings, and makes no representations or warranties thereon. A more complete picture of the organization’s finances can be obtained by viewing the attached 990s and audited financials. To see if the organization has received a competitive grant from The Community Foundation in the last five years, please go to the General Information Tab of the profile.
Address 613 Riversville Road
Greenwich, CT 06831
Primary Phone 203 869-5272 225
Contact Email
CEO/Executive Director Mr. Stewart Hudson
Board Chair Ms. Connan Ashforth
Board Chair Company Affiliation Audubon CT Board Chair


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